What does 2019 hold in the French-speaking countries of East Africa and the Indian Ocean?

Burundi:  A new capital by 2019

In Burundi, the government surprised everyone on 21 December 2018 by deciding during a Council of Ministers to transfer the political capital of the country.

The spokesman of President Pierre Nkurunziza announced on this occasion: “The government of Burundi has just adopted a historic project setting the political capital in Gitega and the economic capital in Bujumbura”.

The new capital, Gitega, is a city in the center of the country that was formerly the royal capital during the colonial period.

Comoros: Presidential election

A first round of the presidential election with that of the governors of the islands of the archipelago is announced for March 24, 2019. President Azali Assoumani has already declared that he would be a candidate for his own succession and his rivals will have to be known between January 8th and 23rd.

Djibouti: A developing humanitarian hub

The geographical proximity of Djibouti to Yemen (300 km) and its maritime capacity to coordinate transport on this conflict zone makes it one of the main humanitarian hubs in the region.

 An essential position for humanitarian aid that currently allows 500 tons of equipment per week will be able to cross the Gulf of Aden.

Madagascar: Last suspense about the election result

Madagascar should quickly know its new president. According to provisional official results, he could be Andry Rajoelina but this result, which is yet to be confirmed, is already contested by his rival, Marc Ravalomanana, who has filed 70 applications for the moment with the High Constitutional Court (HCC). ). Mainly requests for annulment concerning certain electoral operations during the second round.

Rwanda:  At the head of La Francophonie

On October 12, 2018, Louise Mushikiwabo was elected head of the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF). This Rwandan, whose family was killed in the 1994 genocide against Tutsis, was born on May 22, 1961 in Kigali.

Minister of Information and Foreign Affairs of Rwanda from 2009 to 2018, she is the second woman to occupy this post after the one that preceded Michaëlle Jean, Canadian diplomat of Haitian origin, and the first African secretary general of the history of the International Organization of La Francophonie.

 Louise Mushikiwabo promises that youth will be at the center of her action.

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