KIGALI, Rwanda, November 25, 2019/ — By Dr Akinwumi A Adesina, President of the African Development Bank Group
Your Excellency, Paul Kagame, President of the Republic of Rwanda;
Your Excellency, Sahle-Work Zewde, President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia;
Your Excellency, Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairperson of the African Union Commission;
Your Excellency, Joyce Banda, former President of the Republic of Malawi;
Your Excellency, Rt. Honourable Édouard Ngirente, Prime Minister of the Republic of Rwanda, and Members of the Government of Rwanda;
Your Excellency, Hailemariam Desalegn, former Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia;
Your Excellency, Jeannette Kagame, First Lady of the Republic of Rwanda;
Your Excellency, Margaret Kenyatta, First Lady of the Republic of Kenya;
Representatives of Heads of State and Government, including the representative of President Macron;
Honourable Ministers, Ambassadors, Heads of Diplomatic Missions and International Organisations;
Executive Directors of the African Development Bank (https://www.AfDB.org/), Representatives and Staff of Multilateral Development Banks;
Heads of Commercial Banks and Financial Institutions;
Ladies and gentlemen:
Welcome to the Global Gender Summit!
I wish to welcome all participants, ministers and leaders from around the world to this event organised by the African Development Bank, together with all sister multilateral development banks, and hosted by the Government of Rwanda. This is the first time that the Global Gender Summit is being held in Africa.
I wish to thank you, Your Excellency President Paul Kagame of the Republic of Rwanda, for hosting us for this event. We are thankful to the government and people of Rwanda for your well-known warm hospitality. I’d like to specially appreciate your dear wife, Her Excellency, Jeannette Kagame, for her great work and efforts in driving issues of empowerment of women. You have in her a great partner! And I believe that’s why you are always succeeding!
I’d like to welcome, Her Excellency, President Sahle-Work Zewde of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, my dear sister — Africa’s only female president — for being with us. It’s great to welcome, Her Excellency, Joyce Banda, former President of the Republic of Malawi, for being here with us. You both are great examples and role models for all women in Africa. Africa needs more female Presidents!
I’d also like to welcome the First Lady of the Republic of Kenya, Her Excellency, Margaret Kenyatta. Thank you for all you do to promote the empowerment of women.
I know it’s a Global Gender Summit. But I believe that the issues we will discuss are about women. I get gender issues. I know the numbers on gender disparities. The challenges are not just about gender. They are about under-representation and lack of empowerment of women. So, let’s focus on women. Let’s focus on solutions for the gender disparities we see that affect women.
I am very proud to say that I am a champion for women issues! Women are winners!
Women are life givers. Every single person in the world was born by a woman. Carried in the womb for nine months. Breast fed by a woman. Carried on the back for your comfortable sleep as a child by a woman. Clothed by a woman. Fed by a woman.
Indeed, you could do nothing without your mother — who gave you life. It is a great irony then that the same women trusted to give us life are not trusted to manage the environment where we grow. The bearer of life is now denied the basics of life. They are denied access to land. They cannot inherit spouses’ property. They lack equal access to education or financial services.
A world that denies women the opportunities to excel is not a smart world. The basic elementary thing we teach a kid is that 1 + 1 = 2. Clearly, additions give higher values. And subtraction diminishes value, so 2 – 1 = 1. One would therefore assume that the world would be wise enough to know that things will be better with addition not with subtraction.
For way too long, women have suffered from the subtraction side: subtracted from education, subtracted from access to legal rights to land and property, subtracted from access to finance, subtracted from leadership positions in board rooms, subtracted from political processes. No wonder the world is short changed. To change the world, we should just go back to elementary school arithmetic and add one to one to make two.
Women don’t make wars; the egos of men lead to wars. But women and their children bear the brunt of wars and conflicts. A world led by women will not have wars. Life bearers will not become life takers.
Rwanda’s women are a great example. A small nation decimated by war and genocide which left its population with largely women. To rebuild, Rwanda had to rely on women. And Rwanda’s women are remarkable. They helped to rebuild this nation from the painful ashes of genocide and wars. Rwanda’s women are strong, entrepreneurial and determined.
President Kagame, my dear friend, recognizes the power of women to build, to give life. Today, Rwanda has 50% of all ministerial positions filled by women, just like in Ethiopia. It has 61% of its parliamentarians being women — the highest in the world. Four of the seven Supreme Court justices are women. And today, present with us is President of Ethiopia, the first in the country’s history and the only female president on the continent. What an incredible achievement.
As we gather today, for the Global Gender Summit, we must focus on how to fast track economic, social and political opportunities for women, and girls. A smarter world must invest in women and girls. Let’s be smart and let’s be wise: women are the best investments any society can make. When they earn, they spend 90% of their income on their households, including their husbands.
Women pay back their loans — an overwhelming 90%. Smart banks will lend to women. Yet, there exists globally close to $1.5 trillion financing gap for women-led small and medium sized enterprises. In Africa, 70% of women are excluded financially. The continent has a $42 billion financing gap between men and women. And women, who are the majority of farmers in Africa, face financing gap of close to $16 billion.
That’s why the African Development Bank has launched the Affirmative Finance Action for Women in Africa (AFAWA), to mobilise $3 billion of new lending by banks and financial institutions for women in Africa — the largest such effort in history. I thank President Macron for his amazing support for AFAWA during the G7 summit and help to mobilise over $251 million for the initiative.
The African Development Bank believes in women. Women are bankable!
Smart nations will invest in women. A study by McKinsey shows that equal and full participation of women can add an additional $28 trillion to global wealth by 2025 — an increase of 26% in global annual GDP.
So, in short, the world is poorer because we exclude women or treat them unfairly in terms of labour market participation and unequal wages or unequal access or exclusion from markets or financial resources.
As multilateral development banks, we owe it to the world to not only shine the light on the challenges facing women; we must develop and launch transformative programs to tackle them, decisively.
We must drive policy dialogue to tackle legal, regulatory and institutional environments that constrain opportunities for women.
We must ensure gender equality in our projects. We must fight against gender-based violence.
And we must expand voice for women to participate more actively in communities, as leaders, in project design, implementation and monitoring.
We must change our procurement processes to open up opportunities for affirmative procurement for women and youth.
And we must end all forms of child marriage. To the men, hear me clearly: leave our girls alone! Marry your own age mates! We cannot sacrifice the future of our girls: let our girls be! Let our girls stay in school! Let our girls thrive! Let our girls excel! They are our best assets!
As we deliberate over the next two days let’s remember: 1 + 1 = 2. Let’s make sure we end gender-based disparities and inequalities.
No bird flies with one wing. When we fully empower women, then our economies will fly with two wings. Our schools will fly with two wings. Our businesses will fly with two wings. Our communities will fly with two wings.
And then, women — the life bearers — will have much better lives themselves. And when they do, all lives will be better.
Our world will fly finally with two wings — rising to the highest global wealth we possibly can achieve.
Then, our world will be a much, much, better place!
Let support women to thrive. Let’s make our world a better place for all.
Thank you very much and God bless!