By Ange de la Victoire DUSABEMUNGU
Rwanda’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are achievable despite $ 11 billion needed to cut down emissions by at least 16% by 2030. This was revealed last week during a TV session aired on Rwanda Television specifically in the Programme called “The Square”.
NDCs are national climate plans highlighting climate actions, including climate related targets, policies and measures governments aim to implement in response to climate change and as a contribution to global climate action. Central to the NDCs is the concept of national determination.
Rwanda was the first African country to submit a tougher climate target to the UN promising to cut emissions at least by 16% in 2030 with the use of 11 billion dollars in regards to the implementation.
Speaking on how feasible it is, Mr. Marshall Banamwana, Biodiversity Management Specialist at the Ministry of Environment said “As you know $ 11 billion is a huge amount, it is an ambitious goal and it is over the next 10 years, but if I can put it into two parts: There is part which we call unconditional contribution which looks at the domestic and mobilization from the country towards what the country will do for the next 10 years. It is almost half of that amount. If we, do it as planned it will reduce up to 16% of emissions within the 38% which Rwanda enters to reduce for the next 10 years, “
“And we have another part which we call a conditional contribution which looks at the international financing contribution and that one takes up to 20% out of 38 %. So, as you mentioned it is an ambitious goal which looks at various sectors namely agriculture, transport, waste management, forestry, land management, water and there are a number of which break down in the short-term, long-term and the near future.” Mr. Banamwana added
“So, as you know the NDC was submitted last year, and upon submission the resource mobilisation starts immediately and we have now, through Ministry and all implementing agencies, what we call resources mobilisation strategy and we also have other activities which will help us even to track and monitor, of course, the mobilisation and the implementation of activities that are planned in the NDCs.” He said
IUCN as a partner implementer of Rwanda’s NDC finds it to be an ambitious target that Rwanda will achieve jointly with partners.
Charles Karangwa, IUCN’s Country Representative said “we are an ambitious country and we are witnesses of what is possible, the last 25 years what we achieved no one could believe we can achieve and therefore I strongly believe that setting the bar higher makes us that ambitious and it’s feasible.”
He added that “We can achieve our NDCs and personally from my experience and the work I do today, I have no doubt that we can cut our emissions by 16% by 2030 and even become a net zero carbon by 2050.”
“Of course, it takes a joint effort, there is domestic financing which is important. I just want to quote the recent report published by the UN Environment programme which highlighted that “if the entire globe wants to actually achieve the target of the Paris agreement, we need to triple the investment in climate reduction activities, most specifically in nature-based solutions. And I guess it is the same for Rwanda from domestic finance, but I want just to highlight also that apart from domestic finance there are also where other international development partners are coming and that is also part of our role as IUCN in Rwanda to support the Government of Rwanda to mobilise resources mostly focusing on conditional part both for adaptation and mitigation.” Mr. Karangwa explained