July 15, 2024


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UNEA 5.2 Adopts Historic Rwanda-Peru Resolution

The Fifth Session of the United Nations Environmental Assembly has adopted a
historic resolution to end plastic pollution.

The resolution, which was co-authored by Rwanda and Peru, sets in motion the development of an international, legally binding instrument to end plastic pollution.

All countries – be they coastal, landlinked, or island states – are affected by the growing
dependence on single-use and non-biodegradable plastics.

The resolution adopted today in Nairobi sets out the urgent need for a legally-binding global
framework that takes bold action to transform humanity’s relationship with plastic. The
framework will encourage regular ambition-setting and monitoring through national action
plans, as well as international cooperation and knowledge-sharing.

It is vital that solutions to plastic waste are sustainable and the development of a treaty aims
to achieve this. Lasting change can only come from interventions that address the full
life-cycle of plastics and create a viable circular economy for plastics. This means focusing on
product design and distribution, sustainable consumption as well as revolutionising waste

In the negotiations, the Rwandan delegation – led by Minister of Environment, Dr. Jeanne
d’Arc Mujawamariya and supported by Director General of the Rwanda Environment
Management Authority, Juliet Kabera – drew upon the country’s experiences of addressing
plastic pollution and promoting investment in sustainable alternatives.

“We are delighted that the international community has adopted the Rwanda-Peru
resolution to end plastic pollution. This decision is a historic milestone in the global effort to
prevent our planet from drowning in plastics. We are proud of the role we have played so
far, and we are optimistic about the once-in-a-lifetime opportunity nations now have to
create a legally-binding framework which commits us all to a more sustainable future,”
Minister Mujawamariya said.

“Rwanda has experienced first-hand the impact of plastic pollution. We have seen the toll it
has taken on our natural environment, as well as on our people,” the Minister added. “This is
why we have taken ambitious action against plastic pollution. In 2008, Rwanda was one of
the first countries to ban single-use polythene plastic bags, and in 2019, we passed a
transformative law which began phasing out all single-use plastics.

The passing of the resolution, and eventual creation of a global treaty, will facilitate
international cooperation through networks of technology and knowledge sharing, as well as
on creating appropriate mechanisms for investment. This collaborative spirit will ensure the
world can take full advantage of the economic opportunities created by a viable and vibrant
circular economy for plastic.

The Government of Rwanda is optimistic, given the strong international will for change on
this matter, that negotiations can continue to progress over the coming years as the treaty is
developed. The planet needs a strong solution to the growing global threat of plastic
pollution as soon as possible.

That’s why Rwanda is bringing together a like-minded group of nations to create the High
Ambition Coalition to End Plastic Pollution. The coalition will work with the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee as it develops the treaty, and advocate for urgent
action to protect human health, biodiversity, and our climate. The goal of the coalition is to
drive ambitious action during the negotiating process.

The coalition is co-chaired by Rwanda and Norway and counts as members countries from
around the world – both coastal and land-linked – a reflection that plastic pollution is a
planetary crisis, a threat which affects us all. Rwanda and Norway invite all Member States
to join the High Ambition Coalition to End Plastic Pollution.

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